Résumé :Three-dimensional echocardiography is one of the most widely used modality in real time heart imaging thanks to its noninvasive and low cost. However, the real-time property is limited because of the limited speed of sound. To increase the frame rate, plane wave and diverging wave in transmission have been proposed to drastically reduce the number of transmissions to reconstruct one image. In this thesis, starting with the 2D plane wave imaging methods, the reconstruction of 2D/3D echocardiographic sequences in Fourier domain using diverging waves is addressed. The main contributions are as follows:
The first contribution concerns the study of the influence of transmission scheme in the context of 2D plane wave imaging. A dichotomous transmission scheme was proposed. Results show that the proposed scheme allows the improvement of the quality of the reconstructed B-mode images at a constant frame rate.
Then we proposed an alternative Fourier-based plane wave imaging method (i.e. Ultrasound Fourier Slice Beamforming). The proposed method was assessed using numerical simulations and experiments. Results revealed that the method produces very competitive image quality compared to the state-of-the-art methods.
The third contribution concerns the extension of Fourier-based plane wave imaging methods to sectorial imaging in 2D. We derived an explicit spatial transformation which allows the extension of the current Fourier-based plane wave imaging techniques to the reconstruction of sectorial scan using diverging waves. Results obtained from simulations and experiments show that the derived methods produce competitive results with lower computational complexity when compared to the conventional delay and sum (DAS) technique.
Finally, the 2D Fourier-based diverging wave imaging methods are extended to 3D. Numerical simulations were performed to evaluate the proposed method. Results show that the proposed approach provides competitive scores in terms of image quality compared to the DAS technique, but with a much lower computational complexity
Composition du Jury :
M. LOVSTAKKEN Lasse Professeur des Universités Rapporteur
M.PERNOT Mathieu Directeur de Recherche Rapporteur
M.D'HOOGE Jan Professeur des Universités Examinateur
MME BRIDAL S.Lori Directeur de Recherche Examinateur
M.BERNARD Olivier Maître de conférences Co Directeur de thèse
M.FRIBOULET Denis Professeur des Universités Directeur de thèse